Malocclusion is defined as the misalignment of teeth, either due to them being born that way, as a result of improper growth, or anything else that could have caused the teeth to come in at a different direction or in a different place. The most obvious reason for getting malocclusion fixed is cosmetic reasons. If malocclusion occurs in your front teeth it will affect your smile. However, malocclusion can cause a lot more than cosmetic issues. With misaligned and overcrowded teeth, it can result in difficulty chewing, speaking, contribute to cavities and gum disease, and may result in damage to other teeth by obstructing their ability to grow in.
In this blog, we’re going to talk about the types of malocclusion, their causes, and the best way to treat them.
What is it?
The word malocclusion is divided into several classifications that include rotated, twisted teeth and molars that can cause issues with teeth aligning properly when you bite down; the same issue occurs with a misplaced midline. Another issue called transposition occurs when one tooth impairs another tooths growth or takes up an area that another tooth is supposed to be in. Essentially, malocclusion includes any teeth that are not aligned properly and can affect the growth of other teeth.
Types of malocclusion
There are several classifications of malocclusion that you should be aware of:
Class 1 malocclusion is where the upper teeth will slightly overlap the lower teeth. This tends to be the most common type of malocclusion for most patients.
Class 2 malocclusion results when there is an overbite or retrognathism and implies a large overlap of the upper teeth over the bottom teeth. The top jaw and bottom jaw are also misaligned.
Class 3 malocclusion is known as a prognathism or an underbite. This happens when the lower jaw and lower teeth overlap the upper jaw and teeth.
Causes of malocclusion
Genetics are the most common cause of malocclusion. However, other things can result in malocclusion like unusually large or shaped teeth, missing teeth, or damaged teeth. Thumb sucking in young children can also contribute to misaligned teeth as they get older. If you’d like to learn more about this, you should read our blog titled, “Can Thumb & Finger Sucking Cause Crooked Teeth?” In this blog, we talk about how thumb sucking can cause dental problems, speech impediments, as well as ways to help your child stop sucking his/her thumb. Other things that can result in malocclusions are:
-Overuse of pacifiers as a small child
-Injuries that can result in improper growth or alignment of teeth
-Crowns that weren’t fitted properly
-Tumors in the mouth
Your best bet for dealing with malocclusion is contacting an orthodontist that you can trust. Contact Camilo Riano today to get an appointment and we’ll determine the best course of action to correct misaligned teeth, fix jaw alignment, and prevent further damage to your teeth and jaw. We want all of our patients to leave with a happy and healthy smile!