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Have you ever wondered what some of the most common dental problems are? Generally, having a good understanding of dental problems is a good way to prevent them. The more you understand your teeth, gums, and jaws, the more conscious you will be about your oral hygiene and keeping up with your monthly or yearly dentist or orthodontist visits. Keep reading to learn about some of these common issues and how to prevent them.

Mouth sores

Although mouth sores tend to affect the lips or gums and they are rather harmless in and of themselves, they are certainly relevant when it comes to oral hygiene. Canker sores are a common type of mouth sore and are usually hereditary. They can be caused by injury or certain types of food that are spicy or acidic. Other mouth sores include fever blisters, cold sores, and sores resulting from oral thrush or candidiasis.

Tooth decay

Tooth decay is when the enamel on your teeth begins to wear away due to plaque, a form of bacteria that sticks to your teeth when you eat. Once the enamel is broken down, cavities can form. Although cavities are more common in children, adults can also experience cavities especially as a result of receding gums and gum disease which will expose the roots of your teeth to plaque.  

Tooth injury

Although a chipping a tooth may seem harmless, it’s actually considered a medical emergency and the same goes for losing a tooth from an injury. A tooth chip will reduce the strength of your teeth and could result in further damage when you bite down. It may also result in sensitivity if a nerve is exposed and can get infected if it isn’t cleaned well enough. Below are some of the types of cracked and chipped teeth:

  • A craze line is a small crack on the enamel of your teeth. These cracks are not painful but can increase the rate at which your enamel decays.
  • Fractured cusps are when a small piece of the surface of the tooth breaks. These can be fixed with crowns or by replacing the filling. This is typically not painful either.
  • Split teeth are pretty much exactly what they sound like. They extend from the top of the tooth towards the root. The problem with cracked teeth is that they can grow or even split as you chew food and can get infected. If it hasn’t reached the gumline, it can be fixed with a root canal and crown, otherwise, the tooth should be replaced.
  • Vertical root fractures are unlike split teeth in that the fracture begins towards the root rather than the top of the tooth. These will most likely result in gum infection and usually need to be extracted.

Contact Camilo Riano Orthodontics

Your oral health is important and these are just a few of the many common oral health issues out there. If you’re experiencing any pain related to misaligned teeth, either in the jaw or in your teeth, contact Camilo Riano Orthodontics today.